This simple animated 5 min vid gives the basics of main typography (fonts). Even if you are on first name terms with fonts, this gives a little more info in an easy to view way.
Recommended further reading: (she said, in italics)
Then I would recommend getting “Just my type” by Simon Garfield
I was so impatient to get my reading paws on this, that I bought the hardback cover. I don’t regret that – i think it’s a book you could go back to, again and again. Each chapter is the story of a new font/person in the history of typography. It’s written in an amusing, interesting relaxed way, easy to read but yet you’re learning all the way.